Friday, 28 October 2016

SOME BOOKS WRITTEN AGAINST IMITATING THE KUFFAR







WHY RELIGIOUS IMMITATION IS AN ABSOLUTE NO-NO FOR MUSLIMS


Before we proceed, please note that immitating the disbelievers , when it comes to the Islamic realm - Means immitating non Muslims in matters that are distinctively used as their identity , culture or religious association. It also includes imitating them in anything that is forbidden in Islam [1] such as celebrating their auspicious days of Halloween, as has started in the Muslim world since a few years now [ as if natural ugly faces of some wasn't enough for them to now adorn even uglier masks] 

 For details see: https://islamqa.info/en/2322

[1] For e.g. Men adorning themselves with female accessories presuming they are the mighty pharoah of a vast Egyptian dynasty of 1500 B.C or simply to copy some pink-purple-orange haired guy who shouts at the top of his voice for money [aka rockstar]. 

Shaykh Ibn Hajar al-hayTami rahimahullah said:

"  يَحْرُمُ التَّشَبُّهُ بِهِنَّ [ أي : بالنساء ] بِلُبْسِ زِيِّهِنَّ الْمُخْتَصِّ بِهِنَّ اللَّازِمِ في حَقِّهِنَّ كَلُبْسِ السِّوَارِ وَالْخَلْخَالِ وَنَحْوِهِمَا بِخِلَافِ لُبْسِ الْخَاتَمِ " . " الفتاوى الفقهية الكبرى" (1/261) .

It is haraam to imitate them (i.e., women) by wearing fashions that are unique to them, such as wearing bracelets, anklets and the like, unlike wearing rings.

[Ref: Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/261]


The issue of not imitating the disbeliever's religious practices and to prevent them from copying ours [ keeping the future turn-out in mind] was so important that 

 (خبر أن عمر: " أمر بجز نواصى أهل الذمة وأن يشدوا المناطق وأن يركبوا الأكف بالعرض "

`Umar (radhiallahu `anhu) ordered the disbelievers (living in a Muslim country) to keep the forelocks shaved, to wear the belts, and they should ride animals keeping both legs to one side and back to the other side.

 (خبر إسماعيل بن عياش عن غير واحد من أهل العلم قالوا: " كتب أهل الجزيرة إلى عبد الرحمن بن غنم إنا شرطنا على أنفسها أن لا نتشبه بالمسلمين فى لبس قلنسوة ولا عمامة ... الخ

Narration of Ismaa`el bin Ayaash reported from many knowledgeable people, they said,

„The people of Al-Jazeerah (who were ahl adh-dhimma) wrote to `Abdur-Rahmaan: We are bound with the condition that we will not copy the Muslims in wearing hats and turbans………..‟


[Ref: http://the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com/2014/06/the-ijtihad-of-sahaaba-during-and-after.html]


عن خرشة بن الحر ، قال : رأيت عمر يضرب أكف المترجبين ، حتى يضعوها في الطعام . ويقول : كلوا ، فإنما هو شهر كانت تعظمه الجاهلية

Kharasha ibn al-Hurr narrated that I saw `Umar ibn Khattab he used to beat the people who would not eat, in respect or out of veneration of Rajab (i.e by fasting) till he (`Umar) made them sit to eat and would say Eat! This is the month that the people of ignorance era used to venerate (by over doing it) 


[Ref: Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 2/182/2] 

 - حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ زَبْرٍ، حَدَّثَنِي الْقَاسِمُ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ أَبَا أُمَامَةَ يَقُولُ: خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَلَى مَشْيَخَةٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارٍ بِيضٌ لِحَاهُمْ فَقَالَ: " يَا مَعْشَرَ الْأَنْصَارِ حَمِّرُوا وَصَفِّرُوا، وَخَالِفُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ ". قَالَ: فَقُلْنَا: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ، إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ يَتَسَرْوَلَونَ وَلْا يَأْتَزِرُونَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " تَسَرْوَلُوا وَائْتَزِرُوا وَخَالِفُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ ". قَالَ: فَقُلْنَا: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ، إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ يَتَخَفَّفُونَ وَلَا يَنْتَعِلُونَ. قَالَ: فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " فَتَخَفَّفُوا وَانْتَعِلُوا وَخَالِفُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ ". قَالَ: فَقُلْنَا: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ يَقُصُّونَ عَثَانِينَهُمْ وَيُوَفِّرُونَ سِبَالَهُمْ. قَالَ: فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " قُصُّوا سِبَالَكُمْ وَوَفِّرُوا عَثَانِينَكُمْ وَخَالِفُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ "


Abu ‘Umamah reports: The Prophet (sallalahu `alayhi wa sallam) once came to some old men of the tribe of Ansar. These men had extremely white beards. Seeing them, the Prophet remarked: ‘O People of Ansar dye your beards in red or golden colours and do not follow these People of the Book’. They declared: ‘O Prophet these People of the Book do not wear shalwars and loin cloths’. At this, the Prophet said: ‘Wear shalwars and loin cloths and do not follow these People of the Book’. They declared: ‘O Prophet these People of the Book neither wear shoes nor socks [while praying]’. At this, the Prophet said: ‘Wear shoes and socks and do not follow these People of the Book’. They said: ‘O Prophet these People of the Book lengthen their moustaches and shave their beards’. At this, the Prophet said: ‘Clip your moustaches and lengthen your beards and do not follow these People of the Book’. 

[Ref: Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hambal, Hadeeth 22283 in shamela or vol. 5 p. 264 ; إسناده حسن رجاله كلهم ثقات غير القاسم وهو حسن الحديث - the hadeeth is hasan and has also a shaahid by tabraani in Mu`jam al-Kabeer 7924 with a certain addition . the rijaal all are thiqah except al-qaasim who is ibn `abdur rahman ad-dimishiq and he is hasan. Imam haythami, suyuti, albani, the recently deceased shaykh shu`ayb al-Arnout, have all reported variants of this and is saheeh. More so certain individual commandments within this hadeeth are also reported separately in other narrations ]




THERE ARE TIMES WHEN IMITATING NON RELIGIOUS ACTS ARE OKAY, RECOMMENDED, BENEFICIAL AND MANDATORY

Thursday, 20 October 2016

Excerpts from Sharh Bulugh al-Maram taught by Shaikh Wasiullah Abbas [Volume 2]








Table of contents 

The book of al-Buyoo' (Business Transactions):

92. Inter-dependency among the people:

93. Following trading etiquette and providing good customer services is the key to a successful business:

94. The best type of earning:

95. Alcohol business is illegal and prohibited:

96. Prohibition of pig meat:

97. Prohibition of fat of dead meat:

98. Transactions of only halal products is permissible:

99. The seller's right to determine price or setting terms and conditions:

100. Prohibition of selling dogs:

101. Permissibility of usage of tanned skin of all animals, wild and non-wild, dead and sacrificed:

102. Prostitution business is illegal and prohibited:

103. How horoscopists and palm-readers fool the people:

104. Types of terms and conditions, permissible and impermissible ones:

105. Change of mind after agreement:

106. Selling broken products/ damaged items:

107. The Mufti must quote the proof (Aayah or Hadith)

108. Agreement to false conditions does not necessitates following it:

109. The right of the ruler to constitute rules, except "permitting the prohibited" or "prohibiting the obligatory":

110. Prohibition of transactions which involve uncertainty:

111. Ruling on credit transactions:

112. Prohibited conditions and transactions:

113. Security deposit/ Earnest money is permissible:

114. Prohibition of selling a product in the place where it was bought from:

115. The current exchange rate on the day of agreement should be used to make the payment, even if later:

116. Business is done for profits, but one should not forget brotherhood:



117. Brokers and agents should not deceive the sellers:
118. Sin and oppression of evil men who take marriage as a joke, and divorce whenever they want:

119. Do not forget humanity for the sake of some wealth and profit:


120. The government should not control the price unless necessary for the protection of rights of the people:

121. Hoarding is illegal if it creates artificial scarcity of essential foodstuff:

122. Return of goods after use:

123. Misleading Advertising & Deceptive Marketing Practices:

124. Working in hotels where pork and alcohol is served:

125. Smart businessmen make use of opportunities:

126. Virtue of allowing sales returns and exchange:

127. Conditions for right to annul the agreement/ Right of breach of contract:

128. Reformation of the business affairs is need of the hour:

129. When bribery becomes riba (usury/interest):





Thursday, 10 March 2016

Why Women in Islam cannot marry 4 men


TABLE OF CONTENTS



Why Polyandry is not permitted in Islam 

1) Islamic reasons 

- 1.1) Inheritance issues 
- 1.2) Responsibilities of a Wife legislated in Islam
- To conclude: 

2) Imbalance in world Demographics 

3) THE DEATH RATE OF MALE IS MORE THAN FEMALE 

- 3.1) Alcohol consumption 

- 3.2) War, Genocide and ilk 

4) SOCIO-CULTURAL CHALLENGES 

5) ANSWERING SOME COMMON MISCONCEPTIONS & OBJECTIONS

- 5.1) ISLAM STARTED POLYGAMY 

- 5.2) It is Unfair to women 

- 5.3)  POLYGAMOUS MARRIAGES ARE A FAILURE

- 5.4) HOW DOES YOUR ISLAM GIVE WOMEN EQUAL RIGHTS WHILE IT PERMITS POLYGAMY BUT PROHIBITS POLYANDRY?! 

- 5.5) If Polygamy was to prevent men from cheating, why do they still cheat?

- 5.6) DNA is available today then why is polyandry still an issue? 

- 5.7) Why has your prophet then encouraged to have more children thereby encouraging polygamy ? Also one of his companions and some islamic scholars encourage the same

- 5.8) Polyandry has some economical benefits to the society. And sometimes even some social betterment chances. Then why not?

Friday, 22 January 2016

SELECTED PASSAGES FROM FATH UL-BARI






























Due to the overwhelming response received on my page, after I had asked if anyone who wanted this book scanned in pdf format should contact the page; I decided to scan this book and append a small note in the starting to clarify certain points I deemed necessary before the reader proceeded. 

This book is mainly based on some (selective) partial translations from the magnificent book “ Fath ul-Bari” of Imam ibn Hajar asqalani as-shaf`ie (D. 852 A.H) . The one who translated and compiled this is a sufi student of the sufi scholar Nuh ha meem keller who happen to follow the ash`ari-Matrudi creed. 

I have read this book long ago and therefore do not remember every small bit in it, however some of the major things I wanted to point out towards was 

1) The Talqeen related  question under fatwa no. 4 at the end of the book on page no. 33 [as per the printed numbering].  My view is different to that of the author and can be read from here : http://www.systemoflife.com/articles/aqeedah/306-prompting-talqeen-the-dead-in-the-grave#axzz3xtVQHdjh 

2) Next is the fatwa no. 5 regarding the dead hearing or not. This is a controversial topic and though the author did not say anything new or innovative because his opinion does have the backing of many scholars, nevertheless here is a research article compiled enlisting all the narrations which imply towards the dead hearing + recognizing + responding the alive and its scrutiny  titled “WEAKNESSES OF THE NARRATIONS ENDORSING THE DEAD RECOGNIZING, GREETING & REPLYING” : http://fahmalhadeeth.com/20-weaknesses-of-the-narrations-endorsing-the-dead-recognizing-greeting-replying/ 

3) For fatwa no. 8 and fatwa no. 9 on quran recitation see the article titled “10. HOW TO BENEFIT THE DEAD & REFUTE TO THE NARRATIONS SUPPORTING QURAAN KHAANI” : http://the-finalrevelation.blogspot.in/2012/07/how-to-benefit-the-dead.html 

4) Finally, considering him to be a sufi and famously his teacher also to have bias against one of the greatest scholars of all times, whom even his opponents praised and restrain their tongue – Shaykh ul-Islam Taqiuddin ibn taymiyyah ad-dimishqi (D. 728 A.H) – his hatred and prejudice has stopped the author from even mentioning his great stature among vast majority of academic circles in the past and present , but he also lied against him on page no. 42 [of the printed edition]. Have a look at this giant here : http://www.systemoflife.com/articles/refutation/2000073-life-of-ibn-taymiyyah-in-ibn-kathir-s-al-bidaya-wal-nihaya 

Then some ta'weelat of certain attributes of Allah is done by Imam ibn hajar rahimahullah himself as he was an `Ashari in this aspect but that is only twice or so as far as i remember. for this you can refer to 20 rules with regards to the Attributes of Allah by Abu Yahya Noorpuri : http://the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com/2015/08/20-rules-with-regards-to-attributes-of.html

I can’t remember any other issue as such, but the book overall is a good read. Should there be any other issues that needs awareness , kindly inbox us at 

www.facebook.com/thefinalrevelation or www.the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com  

Scanned and uploaded at the request of many brothers and sisters 

By : www.facebook.com/thefinalrevelation 

Sunday, 3 January 2016

E-BOOK : THE CONDITION OF A WALI FOR A NIKAH CONTRACT

Table of Contents:

Introduction
Section 1) Summarized definition of a wali

1.1) The definition and understanding of a wali in the Hanafi Madhab
1.2) The definition and understanding of a wali in the Maliki Madhab
1.3) The definition and understanding of a wali in the Shaf`ee Madhab
1.4) The definition and understanding of a wali in the Hanbali Madhab

Section 2) The Requirement of a wali for a woman’s marriage

2.1) The requirement of a wali for Nikah as per the Malikiyyah
2.2) The requirement of a wali for Nikah as per the Shawafi
2.3) The requirement of a wali for Nikah as per the Hanabila
2.4) The requirement of a wali for Nikah as per the Zahiriyyah
2.5) The requirement of a wali for Nikah as per the scholars following the methodology of Ahl al-hadeeth

Section 3) The Evidences used by the scholars to condition a wali’s requirement

3.1) The first evidence : Surah baqrah verse 232
Some Objections to Evidence 3.1 and their response
3.2) The second evidence : Surah baqrah verse 221
3.3) The Third evidence : Surah Noor verse 32
Some Objections to Evidence 3.3 and their response
3.4) The Fourth evidence : Hadeeth of Abu Barda (r.a)
Some Objections to Evidence 3.4 and their response
3.5) The Fifth evidence : Hadeeth of `Aisha (r.a)
Some Objections to Evidence 3.5 and their response
3.6) The Sixth evidence : Hadeeth of `Aisha (r.a) via Urwah
3.7) The Seventh evidence : `Umar arranging his daughters marriage
3.8) The Eight evidence : Hadeeth of Abu Musa al-Ash`ari (r.a)
3.9) The Ninth evidence : Hadeeth of Abu Huraira (r.a)
Some Objections to Evidence 3.9 and their response
3.10) The Tenth evidence : Fatwa of `Ali ibn Abi Talib (r.a)
3.11) The Eleventh evidence : Fatwa of Ibn `Abbas (r.a)
3.12) The Twelth evidence : When one of you decides to marry his daughter
Some Objections to Evidence 3.12

Section 4) Some Other evidences that emphasize on wali being a condition for a nikah contract

4.1) – Fatwa of `Umar (r.a)
4.2) The statement of Umm al-Mu’mineen Zinab bint Jahsh (r.a)
4.3) The action of Ameerul Mu’mineen Uthman ibn `Affan (r.a)
4.4) The fatwa of Ibn `Abbas (r.a)
4.5) The Fatawa of Taba`een , Muhadditheen , Fuqaha and scholarly comments in general

Section 5) Some Other Objections raised by those negating wali as a condition & their response

5.1) Surah Ahzab verse 50
Response to Objection 5.1:
5.2) Surah Baqarah verse 234
Response to Objection 5.2
5.3) The incident of Prophet marrying Umm Salamah (r.a)
Response to Objection 5.3
5.4) The Hadeeth via Ibn `Abbas of a guardian having nothing to do with a matron
Response to Objection 5.4
5.5) The hadeeth of a father forcing his daughter into marriage
Response to Objection 5.5

Conclusion


Monday, 30 November 2015

REFUTING THE KHARIJI NOTIONS ON ALLIANCE WITH THE KUFFAR





TABLE OF CONTENTS


  • Introduction and purpose of this compilation

  • Section 1: 25 + traits of the khawarij

  • Section 2: The Discussion from salaf that the mere alliance or aiding of a Muslim with the Kuffar against another Muslim does not in and of itself make him a kafir or tantamount their actions to kufr al-Akbar

  • Chapter 2.1: Tafseer and the cause of revelation of surah Nisa verse 92

  • Objection #1: Sahl ibn Baydah was coerced and thus takfeer was excused

  • Objection #2: Sahl ibn Baydah fought against the Messenger of Allah thereby agreeing to killing him and this is known to be Kufr bil-Ijma`

  • Summary of Chapter 2.1

  • Chapter 2.2: The Madhab of Imam shaf`ee and shawafi Ulema regarding an individual or a group of Muslims allying with the Kuffar against another Muslim(s)

  • Summary of chapter 2.2

  • Chapter 2.3: The Madhab of Imam Malik and the Malikiyyah regarding an individual or a group of Muslims allying with the Kuffar against another Muslim(s)

  • Summary of chapter 2.3

  • Chapter 2.4: The Madhab of Imam Abu Hanifa and the Ahnaaf regarding an individual or a group of Muslims allying with the Kuffar against another Muslim(s)

  • Summary of Chapter 2.4

  • Chapter 2.5: The Madhab of Imam Ahmad and the Hanabila regarding an individual or a group of Muslims allying with the Kuffar against another Muslim(s)

  • Summary of Chapter 2.5

  • Chapter 2.6: A similar ruling from the Incident of Banu `Uqayl captive and Hudayfa and his father radhiallahu `anhum ajma`een

  • Chapter 2.7: Madhab of some other scholars of Sunnah regarding an individual or a group of Muslims allying with the Kuffar against another Muslim(s)

  • Summary and Conclusion of Section 2

  • Section 3: Understanding of the Salaf on a Muslim’s Alliance to the Kuffar by spying or providing resources and support.

  • Summary and Conclusion of Section 3

  • Section 4: The Madhab of Najdi Ulema regarding the types of Alliances with the Kuffar

  • Section 5: Briefly refuting some Khariji notions

  • Chapter 5.1: The Kharji notion that Muslims can never exhibit friendliness towards war-mongering Kuffar and if they do then it is Kufr al Akbar based on the apparent action of friendliness.

  • Chapter 5.2: The Kharji notion that doing business with Harbi Kuffar is Kufr al-Akbar at all times
  • Chapter 5.3: The Kharji notion that many scholars have said whoever allies with them then he is of them in ruling
  • Chapter 5.4: The Kharji notion ‘ the outcome of the Alliance determines if the one who allied remains a Muslim or a Kafir ‘

  • Section 6: Conclusion & Reminder


Updates :
  1. Updated on 27.11.2015 – Added section 5.4 titled :Chapter 5.4: The Kharji notion ‘ the outcome of the Alliance determines if the one who allied remains a Muslim or a Kafir ‘ Addressing along with this the incident of *some* Maliki scholars making takfeer of Mu’tamid of Sevilla for allying with the christian french kingdom. . Added Tabulated and linked Table of Index so you can hover above any content in the index and click on it to directly jump to that content in the book.